ADLER, HERMANN


ADLER, HERMANN
ADLER, HERMANN (pseudonym Ẓevi Nesher; 1911– ), German-language poet, essayist, and playwright. Adler was born in Deutsch-Diószeg, near Pressburg (Bratislava), but grew up in Nuremberg and after graduating from a teachers' seminary at Wuerzburg taught in Landeshut (Kamienna Gora), Silesia. He returned to Czechoslovakia in 1934 and enlisted in 1939 in the Czechoslovak Legion in Poland. During World War II, he joined the Jewish resistance movement in Lithuania and Poland, playing an active part in the ghetto uprisings in Vilna and Warsaw. He escaped to Budapest, but was later deported to Bergen-Belsen, from which he was subsequently released, taking up residence in Switzerland, where he remained. His experiences of Nazi brutality on the one hand and of human dignity and heroism on the other were reflected in several gripping books, partly factual reporting, partly poetic crystallization, such as Ostra Brama, Legende aus der Zeit des grossen Untergangs (1945), Ostra Brama being   the name of a Catholic monastery near Vilna where a number of Jews were hidden and rescued; Gesänge aus der Stadt des Todes (1945); Ballade der Gekreuzigten, Auferstandenen, Verachteten (1945). Among other books which Adler wrote on the fate of the Jews during the Holocaust, and religious poetry, are Fieberworte von Verdammnis und Erloesung (1948) and Bilder nach dem Buche der Verheissung (1950). He frequently chose the medium of radio and television. One of his TV plays (which won a prize from the Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen) was Feldwebel Anton Schmidt, the story of a German sergeant who during the occupation of Vilna had helped Adler to organize the escape of Jews who joined up with the Jewish resistance movement elsewhere. Schmidt, who was subsequently arrested and sentenced to death by the Nazis, is also referred to in his Ostra Brama. The significance of Adler's descriptions of the Holocaust for Christian readers was stressed by the Swiss-Catholic historian and theologian karl thieme in his epilogue to his selection from Adler's writings (Vater … vergib\! Gedichte aus dem Ghetto, 1950). Writing more often on psychological themes in later years, Adler published Judentum und Psychotherapie (1958) and Handbuch der tiefenpsychologischen Symbolik: Ein Lexikon der Symbolik mit Lesetexten und Index (1968). He also translated itzhak katzenelson 's Warsaw Ghetto epic Dos Lid fun Oysgehargetn Yidishn Folk from Yiddish into German (Das Lied vom letzten Juden, 1951). Of his own works, Gesaenge aus der Stadt des Todes appeared in Hebrew and Dutch translations. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Israelitisches Wochenblattfuer die Schweiz (Oct. 8, 1971); D. Stern, Werke jüdischer Autoren deutscher Sprache (1967). (Erich Gottgetreu)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ADLER, HERMANN — (Naphtali; 1839–1911), British chief rabbi, son of nathan marcus adler . Born in Hanover, Hermann Adler was taken to London as a child, when his father became British chief rabbi, and was educated at University College School and at University… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adler, Hermann — (1839 1911)    English rabbi. He was principal of Jews College. In 1891 he was elected chief rabbi. A selection of his sermons were published in Anglo Jewish Memories …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • ADLER, HERMANN —    son and successor of the following, born in Hanover; a vigorous defender of his co religionists and their faith, as well as their sacred Scriptures; was elected Chief Rabbi in 1891; b. 1839 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hermann Adler — Dr. Hermann Adler CVO (May 30, 1839 – July 18, 1911) was the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire from 1891 to 1911. The son (and successor as Chief Rabbi) of Nathan Marcus Adler, the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica writes that he raised the position… …   Wikipedia

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  • Hermann von Schullern zu Schrattenhofen — Hermann v. Schullern (1931) Hermann Johann Anton Heinrich Friedrich Ritter von Schullern zu Schrattenhofen (* 24. Juli 1861 in Innsbruck; † 14. April 1931 in Innsbruck) war ein österreichischer Nationalökonom und Genealoge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Hermann Adler — ist der Name folgender Personen: Hermann Adler (Generalmajor) (1890–1967), deutscher Generalmajor und Militärschriftsteller Hermann Adler (Oberrabbiner Vereinigtes Königreich) (1839–1911), orthodoxer Oberrabbiner des Vereinigten Königreichs von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann Fürst von Hatzfeldt — Trachenberg Hermann Friedrich Anton, 3. Fürst von Hatzfeldt, 1. Herzog zu Trachenberg (* 4. Februar 1848 in Trachenberg; † 14. Januar 1933 ebenda) war ein preußischer Politiker und Beamter. Inha …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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